The medical name for viral warts is verrucas vulgaris. The virus that causes the warts is called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Warts are very common and can occur in anybody.
Gender and age does not make a whole lot of difference, but the immune system does. There are about 100 types of HPV and they enter the body through the small cracks and breaks in the body or through sexual activities.
There are serious and minor warts depending on the area where the warts show up. These warts may appear on the face, neck, hands, arms, foot soles or even the genital areas.
The virus likes places where it is moist, warm and where the skin is thick. The virus selects its place and infects the skin producing overgrowth of skin cells. These growths look like cauliflowers and they are benign and painless.
Most are harmless non-cancerous tumors. But whether the warts will pain or not and whether they are dangerous depends on the places where they occur. There are many types of viral warts. Let us look at them:
– Common warts: These kind of warts are also known as seed warts for the reason that sometimes little black dots show up inside these warts. These warts appear on the fingers, near the finger nails and at the back of the hand. They are generally small and often in clusters.
– Plantar warts are also called foot warts due to the fact that these warts show up on the soles of the feet. Because of the pressure on the soles, the warts are pushed deep inside the skin. Sometimes they spread so much and are in clusters. These are called mosaic warts. These warts are painful.
– Flat warts: These warts are flat and smooth and can be flesh colored or tanned. These form of warts are most typical on the face and neck.
– Filliform warts: These kind of warts are also known as digitate warts and are most common on the eyelids and lips. They are like a long thread or finger like in shape.
– Genital warts: These are the kind of warts that display within the genital locations. Both men and women suffer from this. The virus is passed through oral, anal or vaginal sex. Genital warts are most common among women and can even lead to cancer.
There are more than a few treatments out there to get rid of the warts but there is no kind of cure. HPV remains in the body, sometimes even till death. There is no way the virus can be removed from the body and therefore it is important to prevent oneself from contracting the virus. But in case one is already infected then treatments such as cryotherapy or freezing, electrodessication or burning, laser treatment, minor surgery and different topical medication are available for removing the warts from the normal skin.