Asbestosis mesothelioma is a work related lung disease like the mesothelioma cancer. It affects the parenchyma tissue of the lungs. Over exposure to asbestos is the reason behind the disease. Here the parenchymal tissues permanently remain sore and irritable as a result of which dyspnea or shortness of breath occurs. There is increased possibility of contracting lung cancer also. In this case plaque would form above the diaphragm due to over exposure to asbestos. This will be revealed in X-ray tests.
Asbestosis mesothelioma victims witness breathing difficulties as the initial symptom. Total respiratory failure may be experienced by patients who are seriously affected. Minimum ten years are required for the disease to become visible. But many cases have been reported where the illness became noticeable just after a period of three months. Amphibole and Serpentine are the two types of asbestos particles. Amphibole is thin and straight whereas serpentine is curved. It is the first one that is responsible for the disease since it can move deep into the lungs through the process of inhalation. This results in injuring lung tissues around terminal bronchioles and alveolar ducts.
The air sacs of alveoli are the place where oxygen is routed into the blood. Once the fibers reach there, they prompt the lung’s innate immune system into getting swollen in order to discard the foreign body. Macrophages are released by the body to get the trespasser digested. But the problem lies in the fact that asbestos being indigestible, the macrophages die resulting in the release of cytokines. The consequence will be further release of macrophages. This extra accrual results in thickening of alveolar walls thereby decreasing elasticity and transmission of gas. Thus oxygen transfer into the blood is obstructed.
Severely affected patients may witness inspiratory crackles and clubbing of fingers. The disease may not be life-threatening, but it can indirectly cause serious medical situations like heart failure. Around half of all asbestosis patients may develop plaque in the chest and lung cavities.
Successful treatment is not available for asbestosis mesothelioma presently. But breathing problems can be alleviated by regular oxygen therapy administered at home. Respiratory physiotherapy, chest percussion, vibration and nebulization are other supportive treatments available for diluting secretions that are responsible for shortness of breath. Asbestosis mesothelioma patients can also claim compensation from their errant employers.